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As Cantonese language wanes, efforts grow to preserve it

October 15, 2022

SAN FRANCISCO (AP) — Three decades ago, finding opportunities to learn Cantonese in San Francisco wasn’t hard. But today in the city that’s drawn Cantonese speakers from South China for over 150 years, there’s fear that political and social upheaval are diminishing a language that is a cultural touchstone.

The Chinese government’s push for wider use of Mandarin— already the national language, spoken by 1 billion people — along with the country’s changing migration patterns have contributed to an undeniable shift away from Cantonese. It’s a change that has reverberated from East to West.

From the United States to the United Kingdom and beyond, there’s worry among native and second-generation Cantonese speakers about preserving the language, spoken by some 85 million people worldwide. They fear their children can’t communicate with elderly relatives. Or worse, the Cantonese language and culture won’t survive another generation.

Please see more here.

San Diego students make moon cakes for Mid-Autumn Festival

October 4, 2022

San Diego News, Sept. 16, 2022

Students in the Mandarin language programs at PBMS had a taste of the Mid-Autumn Moon Festival on Sept. 7 and 8 as they prepared and then feasted upon their own mooncakes. A rich pastry typically filled with sweet beans, egg yolk, or custard, mooncakes are traditionally eaten throughout the autumn festival, which is based on the legend of Chang’e, the Moon goddess in Chinese mythology. PBMS Mandarin language teacher Yan Yan and parent volunteers provided the baking supplies and instruction (delivered in Mandarin, of course) to groups of students enrolled in either the Mandarin immersion program or the introduction to Mandarin language classes. Cultural activities such as this one incorporate Mandarin reading, writing, and speaking skills and also (literally) add flavor to classroom learning. Yan hopes making mooncakes becomes an annual tradition at the school.

Please read more here.

More on the district’s program.

Frederick, Maryland parents trying to start Mandarin, Spanish immersion charter school

September 25, 2022

Sept. 13, 2022 By Jillian Atelsek AP

In the spacious basement of her Urbana home, Li Zhou commanded rapt attention from the preschoolers sprawled on the carpet before her.

She read to them from a picture book about kindness. The book was written in English, but before turning each page, Zhou would speak to the children in Mandarin Chinese — describing drawings to them, asking them questions and cracking jokes.

Zhou runs A&D Stars, a Chinese immersion preschool program and day care for children 2 to 5 years old. It opened in 2015.

She’s also part of a group working to open a language immersion charter school in Frederick.

MeriSTEM Public Charter School would offer Spanish and Chinese language tracks and nurture bilingualism in young children, according to a nearly 200-page application submitted to the Frederick County Board of Education earlier this year.

Please read more here.

Pasadena, CA Mandarin immersion program reaches high school

September 18, 2022

Pasadena’s Mandarin immersion program launched in 2010 at Eugene Field Elementary. By the In the 2019 -2020 school year, it served students from Kindergarten through fifth grade with 484 students enrolled.

The district also offers Spanish and French immersion. And because Pasadena has a significant Armenian community, it has recently added Armenian immersion.

 Pasadena Unified School District has more than 15,350 students in a 76-square mile area that includes Altadena, Pasadena, Sierra Madre and unincorporated areas of Los Angeles County. The district was formed in 1874. 

In 2015 the program advanced to a newly-constructed Sierra Madre Middle School. It contains a neighborhood school program as well as a Mandarin immersion strand.

In 2018 the program continued to Pasadena High School, the district’s largest comprehensive high school. The school is also home to a Math Academy where students from the district’s highly advanced middle school math program have the opportunity to pursue college-level mathematics courses.

In high school, one or two advanced courses in Mandarin are offered each year, including AP Chinese Language and Culture, Chinese Business & Cinema, and work-based learning opportunities. 

The first class of Mandarin immersion students graduated on June 3, 2022.

It’s moon cake time again – Celebrate the Mid-Autumn Festival

September 12, 2022
A lotus seed-filled moon cake with one egg yolk.

If your kids start bringing home drawings of lanterns, talking about the Goddess of the Moon or describing lotus seed cakes in class, then you know it’s time for the Mid-Autumn Festival.

For folks who didn’t grow up in families that celebrated what’s also known as the Moon Festival, here’s a little background.

The holiday is celebrated on the 15th day of the 8th month of the lunar calendar, on a full moon. Because it uses a lunar calendar, the date shifts somewhat but is always in the early autumn. This year it falls on September 15.

It’s a day for friends and family to gather, offer thanks for the fall harvest and express wishes for longevity and good fortune. Similar holidays are celebrated in Japan, Korea, Vietnam and across Southeast Asia.

Lanterns are carried and displayed as symbolic beacons to light people’s path to prosperity and good fortune. If you have kids in a Mandarin immersion elementary program, there’s a good chance they’ll be bringing home construction paper lanterns at some point.

They might also hear legends about the festival centering on the Goddess of the Moon, Chang’e 嫦娥 and her husband the archer Houyi 后羿 This unlucky pair are only allowed to see each other once every year on the 15th day of the eighth lunar month when the moon is full.

At its heart, though, the Mid-Autumn Festival is a harvest celebration. Just like at Thanksgiving, families try to be together for the holiday. If the family can’t all get together, they all look at the moon and think of those who are not together with them knowing they’re all looking at the same moon.

In China, people exchange lyrical text messages talking about how they wish they could be together. You can find some examples here.

There is plenty of symbolism for the holiday around the full moon. The moon is round, symbolic of the family coming together. It’s popular to eat a family meal together called tuán yuán fàn 团圆饭 or “reunion dinner.”

It’s also a time to eat moon cakes. In my family we call it “the festival of moon cakes.” These are dense treats about the size of a hockey puck (or Amazon Dot for the younger generation) and consist of a thin pastry coating over a disk of something sweet. They’re usually filled with sweet red bean paste or lotus seed paste. The latter is something like the Chinese equivalent of marzipan.

Packing up moon cakes to send to far-away college students.

Inside that filling in many moon cakes is a single, hard-cooked, salted yolk from a duck egg. The saltiness of the yolk contrasts nicely with the sweetness of the filling, or at least it does for me. Some moon cakes feature two yolks, which seems like too much for me but your taste may vary.

Perhaps more importantly in a culture enamored of symbolism in food, the egg yolk is thought to look like the full, round moon. Moon cakes are cut into thin wedges and typically served with tea.

Moon cakes seem to be a love ’em or hate ’em kind of thing. Some Chinese people I know describe them as “China’s answer to the fruitcake, something people give you and you pass on as quick as you can so you don’t actually have to eat them.” Others (like me) actually like them.

Moon cakes have become an important present to give during the weeks around the Moon Festival. Go into any Asian supermarket and you’ll find the front of the store piled high with stacks of different types and price points, depending on the quality and how fancy the packaging is.

While sweet red bean paste and lotus seed paste are the most common, you’ll also find nut-filled, pineapple and melon (the melon ones are vile, I’m just warning you.) There are also smaller silver dollar-sized moon cakes that are more single serving.

And if you’d been wondering how moon cakes are made, here are some cool videos:

How mooncakes are made

Making traditional mooncakes

Mooncakes: What they are and how they’re made

Explaining the mooncake

A Mandarin immersion boarding school in Malaysia

September 8, 2022

While most American parents probably wouldn’t want to send their kids to boarding school in Malaysia, it’s interesting to see what’s popular with parents on the other side of the globe.

Epsom International School is a “British-inspired” boarding school in Malaysia, founded in 2014 by a Malaysian businessman who had been educated at Epsom College in England, a boarding school founded in 1853 about 20 miles west of London.

The co-ed Malaysian school is a “sister school” to the one in the United Kingdom, with classes conducted in English and using English curriculum. It’s located about 45 miles south of the Malaysian capital of Kuala Lumpur, and about 20 minutes from the city’s airport.

Of interest to Mandarin immersion parents is the newly-begun Mandarin immersion track at the school, which launched last year. It begins in what is known as the “prep school” section, for students ages 3 to 6. In these years, classes are 50% in English and 50% in Mandarin.

Then from age 7 to 13, students are integrated into the school’s standard program, with the option of additional Mandarin language classes. They will then be able to take standard international tests for both English and Mandarin proficiency. In English, that is the International General Certificate of Secondary Education, typically taken around. the age of 14. The Chinese test is the IGCSE Chinese First Language, typically taken by students whose first language is Chinese.

Interestingly, I heard about the program from a Sinagporean website. The school has a special week-day boarding program for students from that country, about 200 miles southeast of the school itself.

If nothing else, it’s interesting to see what other schools look like and imagine the lives children across the globe lead.

San Bernardino county, CA adds Mandarin immersion programs with 48 Kindergarteners

August 27, 2022

Mandarin immersion program opens at Hidden Trails Elementary

By Josh Thompson, The China Champion

August 27, 2022

Forty-eight kindergarten students and their families attended a ribbon-cutting ceremony Wednesday afternoon for the Chino Valley Unified School District’s first Mandarin Dual Language Immersion (DLI) program at Hidden Trails Elementary School in Chino Hills. 

“This is the first dual language program offered through the Chino Valley Unified Multilingual Academy Pathways,” school district spokeswoman Andi Johnston said. 

The district was scheduled to launch the program for the 2021-22 school year, but the timeline was delayed due to the COVID-19 pandemic, she said.

Please read more here.